DNA, also known as deoxyribonucleic acid, is a material found in humans and other living beings. Almost every living being has DNA in it, and it contains two chains that usually coil around one another, creating a strand.
With the help of a dna test kit, a variety of different things can be confirmed. Previously, there was no way to ascertain crimes and proof was limited. However, with DNA testing, everything changed. It offers a variety of advantages that have helped humans in various fields. Here are five major advantages that DNA testing offers.
1. Screening for Diseases
One of the biggest advantages that DNA testing offers is that it helps you screen for genetic diseases, as a well as other risk factors. For instance, if you are planning to have kids, you could go for a DNA test to determine if you carry any particular kind of genes that could lead to different kinds of conditions. You could also find out if that gene is available in other members of your family. Moreover, if a woman has decided to go for an implanted embryo, she can get the embryo tested first to find out about any existing conditions.
Arguably the biggest advantage that DNA testing offers is that it aids in identification. It is widely used in criminal investigations to establish the presence of a suspect on site. In rape cases, DNA testing is widely used to determine and identify suspects and then charge them with crimes. DNA is of immense value in rape cases, because it helps confirm claims by the victims. Every person has a unique DNA, so it’s one of the best forms of identification as compared to other methods such as fingerprints. A DNA test kit can be used to identify an individual’s DNA.
3. The Evidence Is Stored Indefinitely
Another reason why DNA testing is so important is because the information can be stored indefinitely. It creates a specific gene profile that can be used for identification purposes. The information is stored in a database and can be communicated rapidly over the Ethernet. This information is then transported into data points and then stored in various locations.
4. The Foundation of Genetic Treatments
Most hereditary diseases have genetic components to them. As mentioned above, genetic treatments carry genetic components, and DNA fingerprinting could be used to identify people with various diseases. Infant screenings can help identify PKU, before it turns into a bigger issue. They can be put on a restrictive diet to ensure that they live a full and happy life.
5. No Specific Sample Size Needed
Another major advantage that DNA testing offers is that it doesn’t require any specific sample size. You don’t need to have a large quantity of DNA to ascertain a person’s identity. Even a small fingerprint can do the job, or any bodily fluids such as saliva on the side of a cup. It’s simple and pretty easy to test DNA as well.